How many Allied code names/nicknames/reporting names for World War II Japanese fighters do you know? The large two engined P-38 looks nothing like your typical World War 2 fighter, looking more like a heavy fighter, but the Lightning (namesake of the F-35 Lightning II), or Fork Tailed Devil to the Germans and Two Planes One Pilot to the Japanese was an extremely fast and maneuverable plane. C-45 Expeditor 2. How much do you know about the many major operations that the Allies and Axis launched during World War II? ... all translations of World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft La World War II Allied (Mondo War II Allied)-nomoj por japanaj aviadiloj raportis nomojn, ofte priskribitajn kiel kaŝnomoj, donitaj fare de Aliancita personaro al Imperial Japanese aviadiloj dum lpacifiko-kampanjo de 2-a Mondmilito. There are countless books, dvds and websites about the great aircraft of World War Two. For example, the military designation of the Mitsubishi A5M fighter was the "Navy Type 96 Carrier Fighter". The names were used by Allied personnel to identify aircraft operated by the Japanese for reporting and descriptive purposes. One was the manufacturer's alphanumeric project code, and the other was the official military designation, which consisted of a description of the aircraft plus the year it entered service. World War II began on September 1st, 1939 with the Nazi German invasion of Poland, and ended on September 2nd, 1945 when Imperial Japan formally signed its terms of surrender to become the last of the Axis powers to fall. (Dunnigan 1998, p. 16–17). However there were hundreds of aircraft types used between 1939 and 1945 and inevitably some were abject failures. To this day, many Western historical accounts of the Pacific War still use McCoy's system to identify Japanese aircraft. Most of the world's countries, including all the great powers, fought as part of two military alliances: the Allies and the Axis Powers. The Japanese Army and Navy each used two systems to identify the same aircraft, so a type used by both services could have up to five different designations--a Japanese Army Kitai number, Army type number, Navy designation code, Navy type number, and Allied codename. Type 96 meant that the aircraft had entered service in Imperial year 2596, equivalent to Gregorian calendar year 1936. For example, the military designation of the Mitsubishi A5M fighter was the "Navy Type 96 Carrier Fighter". As with the Lancaster where thousands of young Australians flew them in Europe in the RAF, only two were owned by the RAAF. [1] Adding to the confusion, the US Army and US Navy each had their own different systems for identifying Japanese aircraft. The names were used by Allied personnel to identify aircraft operated by the Japanese for reporting and descriptive purposes. One of the most futuristic-looking airplanes of the era was the Japanese-designed J7W Shinden, an airplane with a canard design.That refers to a plane with the “main wing mounted at the rear of the fuselage and a smaller wing fixed to the front.” The hope is that with this innovative layout, the J7W would be highly maneuverable and able to fight American B-29 bombers. World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during 1939–45. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft. Generally, Western men's names were given to fighter aircraft, women's names to bombers, transports, and reconnaissance aircraft, bird names to gliders, and tree names to trainer aircraft. The World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft were reporting names, often described as codenames, given by Allied personnel to Imperial Japanese aircraft during the Pacific campaign of World War II. [6] Others were given names of people the creators of the system knew personally; the Mitsubishi G4M bomber, with its large gun blisters was named "Betty" in homage to a busty female friend of Williams. [2], In mid-1942, Captain Frank T. McCoy, a United States Army Air Forces military intelligence officer from the 38th Bombardment Group assigned to the Allied Technical Air Intelligence Unit in Australia, set out to devise a simpler method for identifying Japanese aircraft. Carriers – type of warships, the main striking force of which is a deck-based aircraft. Big and slab-sided, the Liberator was derided by Fortress pilots as ‘‘the box the B-17 came in.’’ However, it was faster and longer ranged of many World War 2 planes, in addition to becoming the most-produced American aircraft of World War II: 18,190 Liberators were accepted between 1940 and August 1945. This and other World War 2 planes were crucial to eventual Allied victory by providing air support, and aerial defense and offense. Talk:World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft. C4 Norseman 6. #25 Allied Manufactured Aircraft #26 The Jet Age or What could have been #27 Defense of Britain / Atlantic #28 Night War of WWII - Allied or Axis #29 Allied Advance and Defense of the Reich WWII. [7], Not all of McCoy's chosen names caught on. ... why do World War Two aviation buffs, ... On the other hand, the Japanese army's Type 1 fighter which had not seen combat over China prior to the Pacific War was unknown to Allied intelligence at the beginning of the war. Japanese Fighters All English-language names for Japanese fighters derived from Western Allied identification codes, in which male names were given to enemy fighters and female names to Japanese bombers. It was the bloodiest conflict, as well as the largest war, in history. In every war, military commanders use code names to differentiate between various operations. [1] Adding to the confusion, the US Army and US Navy each had their own different systems for identifying Japanese aircraft. Not a real aircraft. Later, training aircraft were named after trees,[3][4] single engine reconnaissance aircraft were given men's names and multi-engine aircraft of the same type were given women's names. TIL that during World War II in Australia, there was a dog whose hearing was so acute that it could warn airforce personnel of incoming Japanese planes 20 minutes before they arrived, and before they showed up on radar. External links [edit | edit source] Japanese warships — Sōryū; World War II DataBase: Sōryū Many subsequent Western histories of the war have continued to use the names. Generally, Western men's names were given to fighter aircraft, women's names to bombers, transports, and reconnaissance aircraft, bird names to gliders, and tree names to trainer aircraft. It also shot down more planes than any other Allied aircraft during the war and accounted for around 75% of aircraft downed during the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot of 1944. Today Japanese Plastic Model Airplane Manufactures such as Hesegawa, Fujimi, Tamiya and LS describe the aircraft, by its Allied Code Name, along with the Japanese on the box top. The Ki-15 and C5M were the Army and Navy designations respectively for the same aircraft. UC-45 Expediter 14. How many Allied code names/nicknames/reporting names for World War II Japanese bombers do you know? The Japanese Naval Air Force (JNAF) Zero, or Mitsubishi A6M “Reisen” (Zero-Sen), was the best fighter available in the Pacific in 1941. From Granger - Historical Picture Archive. Mitsubishi G3M aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy were nicknamed "Nell" by Allied forces during World War II. World War II witnessed tremendous growth in the size of American military aviation, from about 2,500 airplanes to nearly 300,000 by the war’s end. This is a list of aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The names were used by Allied personnel to identify aircraft operated by the Japanese for reporting and descriptive purposes. The Aichi D3A "Val" got its name from an Australian Army sergeant. Together with Technical Sergeant Francis M. Williams and Corporal Joseph Grattan, McCoy divided the Japanese aircraft into two categories; fighters and everything else. Significant advances were made on both sides with respect to developments in speed, maneuverability, altitude, and armament. Credit: SDASM Archives / Commons. The aircraft was believed in service but never built, misidentified, or not used (Dunnigan 1998, p. 16). Allied code names in quotation marks . The World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft were reporting names, often described as codenames, given by Allied personnel to Imperial Japanese aircraft during the Pacific campaign of World War II. World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft. Stille, Mark (2005). The names were used by Allied personnel to identify aircraft operated by the Japanese for reporting and descriptive purposes.wikipedia The Soviet Union used a similar tactic to bring down German aircraft. During the Cold War, a system was used to describe Russian Aircraft, but those Boy and Girl names for WWII Japanese aircraft sound very different, they were unique, and belonged to a different time. Many Allied personnel continued calling the Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter "Zero" instead of McCoy's name of "Zeke." Credit: Bernard Spragg / Commons. The World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft were reporting names, often described as codenames, given by Allied personnel to Imperial Japanese aircraft during the Pacific campaign of World War II. The use of the names, from their origin in mid-1942, became widespread among Allied forces from early 1943 until the end of the war in 1945. Sunburst: The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909–1941. This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_Allied_names_for_Japanese_aircraft 00:00:52 1 … La nomoj estis utiligitaj fare de Aliancita personaro por identigi aviadilojn funkciigitajn fare de la japanoj por raportado kaj priskribaj celoj. Together with Technical Sergeant Francis M. Williams and Corporal Joseph Grattan, McCoy divided the Japanese aircraft into two categories; fighters and everything else. Also, McCoy's name for an upgraded version of the Zero, "Hap," in tribute to US Army general Henry H. Arnold, had to be changed to "Hamp" when it was learned that Arnold disapproved. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article It was primarily used as a reconnaissance aircraft and bomber escort during raids on German territory. UC-61 For… WW2 Aircraft of the Luftwaffe Five years after introducing the world to the blitzkrieg, in concert with fast-moving panzers, the German air force was being hunted to destruction. List of aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. ... Africa - msnbc . The World War II Allied names for Japanese aircraft were reporting names, often described as codenames, given by Allied personnel to Imperial Japanese aircraft during the Pacific campaign of World War II. 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