v. Casteism results in political disunity and affects the smooth and successful functioning of multi-party democracy like India. Phone: +91-22-40638282 | Fax: +91-22-24934515 | Email: Editorial - firstname.lastname@example.org | Subscription - email@example.com | Advertisement - firstname.lastname@example.org An Ex Post Evaluation of Voluntary Retirement Scheme in BALCO – Babu P Ramesh Haan, De Arjan (1997): ‘Poverty and Social Exclusion: A Comparison of Debates on Deprivation’, Poverty Research Unit, Working Paper No 2, University of Sussex, Brighton. Jodhka, Surinder and Katherine Newman (2007): ‘In the Name of Globalisation’ in this issue of Economic and Political Weekly. Sen also differentiates between active exclusion – blocking opportunity through deliberate policy interventions on the part of govern ment or private agents – and passive exclusion, which does not rely on these interventions, but may lead to similarly negative outcomes. on Labour:A Marxist Perspective – Anjan Chakrabarti, Byasdeb Dasgupta According to R. N. Sharma, different scholars have suggested different views and solutions for the problems and conflicts arising out of casteism. Akerlof (1976) and Scoville (1991) have argued that social ostracism, coupled with economic penalties, acts to strengthen the caste system by creating deterrents to change. By preventing the free mobility of human labour, land, capital and entrepreneurship, the caste system creates imperfect, segmented, and monopolistic divisions in factor markets. Please explore for details. Lal, Deepak (1989): The Hindu Equilibrium: Volume I: Cultural Stability and Economic Stagnation – India c 1500BC-AD1980, Clarendon Press, Oxford. Weisskopf, Thomas (2004): Afﬁrmative Action in the United States and India: A Comparative Perspective, Routledge, New York. Lal, Deepak (1989): The Hindu Equilibrium: Volume I: Cultural Stability and Economic Stagnation – India c 1500BC-AD1980, Clarendon Press, Oxford. for suggesting this special section and for putting together Gender inequality is a social and cultural phenomenon in which there is discrimination against people due to their gender. People with a certain job capability were judged by their professional ability. Market based discrimination has received considerable attention by scholars of race in the US [Pager 2003] and by scholars of caste in India [Weisskopf 2004; Thorat et al 2005]. Previous research has provided a reasonably clear picture of the magnitude of inter-caste inequality in income, but has not demonstrated to what extent inequality today is attributable to the denial of economic rights in the past, and to what extent it is attributable to forms of social exclusion and discrimination that persist in modern India. The feelings of caste were easily carried through the members from rural areas to urban areas through migration. ii. Another cause for such conversions is that certain unbearable exploited conditions arise out of dominance of certain caste groups over other caste groups. Economic Liberalisation, Work and Democracy: Industrial Decline and Urban Politics in Kolkata – Nandini Gooptu, Optional or Imposed? Social Exclusion Key causes of income and wealth inequality Inequality can arise from differences in Education (school, college, degree) highlighting the ways in which caste persists as a system of inequality that burdens the Indian According to G. S. Ghurye, the conflict originating in casteism can be removed by encouraging inter-caste marriages. Taken as a whole, they document widespread patterns of discrimination and underlying attitudinal orientations – based on caste and religion – that contribute to inequality in employment and wages in the modern, formal sector of India’s economy. Disclaimer 9. Either type can generate adverse effects. –Ed. Report a Violation, Poverty as a Rural Social Problem: Definitions and Poverty Line. This research suggests that managers bring to the hiring process a set of stereotypes that make it difﬁcult for very low caste and very high caste applicants to succeed in the competition for positions, while advantage falls to the middle. As such there is no need of safeguards against possible market discrimination. We believe the debate over policy remedies should proceed in the light of empirical evidence and we submit these papers as a ﬁrst step in that direction. iv. Casteism divides society into different segments and results in conflicts and tensions in and between these segments. According to D. N. Prasad, casteism is loyalty to caste translated into politics. Active exclusion through. REVIEW OF LABOUR May 26, 2007 This longitudinal project, which is still ongoing, shows that despite similar qualiﬁcations, the two groups expect and, true to form, experience divergent outcomes in the labour market. Casteism leads the members of one caste to exploit the members of other caste for their own vested interest in the name of superiority or inferiority. Dalit students bring weaker connections to the task and are far less likely to ﬁnd jobs in the private sector. Caste system is filled with inequality and injustice. The economic organisation of the caste system is based on the division of the population into a hierarchical order of social groups that determine the economics rights of members, which are determined by birth and are hereditary in the strictest sense of the term [Akerlof 1976; Scoville 1991; Lal 1989; Ambedkar 1936 and 1987]. Given the virtues of increasing economic efﬁciency and growth, as well as reducing poverty and inequality, there is a compelling interest in diminishing the market discrimination. iii. There are many causes of casteism. The second paper, by Jodhka and Newman, presents the results of a qualitative interview-based study of human resource managers, focusing on hiring practices. By preventing the free mobility of human labour, land, capital and entrepreneurship, the caste system creates imperfect, segmented, and monopolistic divisions in factor markets. They cast some doubt on whether the natural operation of the market will be sufﬁcient to correct this inefﬁciency in labour allocation. What, then, can be done? Either type can generate adverse effects. Optional or Imposed? Discrimination is clearly a particular kind of exclusion and it can take on an active or a passive form. Economic and Political Weekly October 13, 2007 even for highly qualiﬁed dalits and Muslims. People do not have the right or option of changing their caste shown to be a hindrance to.. Reservations, we are principally concerned with caste-based discrimination and secondarily with exclusion based on religion such conversions is certain... To children from childhood can solve the problem of casteism are as follows:.... Be actively refuted those who take the risk and succeed become richer than others Indian educational has... To regulate economic life in India the private sector, India, Rawat Delhi! 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