Although it is, however, a custom with the psalmists and prophets not to express such refrainlike thoughts in exactly the same form and words (cf. God hath said unto him, Thou art my Son, and it becomes each of … The term implies the instruction designed not for the individual Psalmist alone, but for the godly in general, that they may be taught how to behave wisely, especially under exclusion from spiritual privileges and means of grace. The conflict in the soul of a believer. Ps 42:1-11. https: His past frequenting of God's house with the thronging worshippers sadly contrasts with his present exclusion. His tears since they were shed because God was blasphemed, were "honourable dew," drops of holy water, such as Jehovah putteth into his bottle. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. BibliographyCalvin, John. Note how incessant was their jeer, and how artfully they framed it! Used by Permission. The man who raises himself to conviction through doubt is morally superior to any man of formal orthodoxy who has had no spiritual conflict at all; but still allowing that Christian morality may, and often does, survive the reality of Christian belief, I maintain with conviction that materialism is properly inimical to character, and whatever influence is exerted it is for the bad. May we never pant for these. Many are sure that this is a psalm written by David, as usually explained, during his exile to some land beyond the Jordan river, during which time the tabernacle services were being conducted. Greek, η ελαφος, for in females the passions are stronger, saith an interpreter here, quicquid volunt, valde volunt. It weakens the sense of responsibility by destroying its basis in fact; it lowers the estimate of goodness by destroying its reality; it definitely stimulates self-indulgence by withdrawing from conscience its authority and reminder of the promise of judgment to come. See note on 2 Samuel 22:16. This metaphor compares the heart-hunger of the psalmist to the physical pangs of a deer suffering from acute thirst, running from place to place seeking water in the dry season. v. 21. 1765. of Psalms 63:1, "My soul thirsteth for thee in a dry land," and Joel 1:20, "The beasts of the field long after thee, for the rivers of water are dried up, and fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness." The next best thing to living in the light of the Lord's love is to be unhappy till we have it, and to pant hourly after it - hourly, did I say? A contemplative psalm. The big objection that we have to this is that, according to the Old Testament, the rebellion of Absalom was a brief affair; and, that although David did indeed leave Jerusalem for a short while, there is nothing in the text to suggest any period when the king found it "impossible" to return to Jerusalem. See notes, and App-63. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". The hunger of the soul.—In a great city where life is urgent and materialism an aggressive creed there is extraordinary risk that the spiritual nature may be overborne, yet even here, I think, it cannot be denied that the hunger of the human spirit makes its presence known. "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". and it is not likely that either all or divers of them did join in the inditing of this and the following Psalms so called. These words are engraved upon the tomb of William Rockefeller in Tarrytown Cemetery, New York. Who were an eminent order of. he inclined to me and v heard my cry.. 2 He drew me up from w the pit of destruction,. Psalm 42 – Honest Prayer from a Discouraged Saint. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of https: Matthew 26:38; John 12:27). BibliographyGill, John. ערג to pant, with על, in so far as the desire hangs over its object, rests upon it, with אל, in so far as it is directed upon that. 1999. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https: When it is as natural for us to long for God as for an animal to thirst, it is well with our souls, however painful our feelings. Either through a natural thirst that creature is said to have; or through the heat of the summer season; and especially when hunted by dogs, it betakes itself to rivers of water, partly to make its escape, and partly to extinguish its thirst, and refresh itself. Or, "An instructive Psalm," or didactic ode, "for the sons of Korah." המון חוגג is the apposition to the personal suffix of this אדדם: with them, a multitude keeping holy-day. The sense in which some explain this is, that the waters are eagerly sought by the harts, that they may recover from fatigue; but this, perhaps, is too limited. The word rendered in the text “panteth,” and in the margin “brayeth” - ערג ‛ârag - occurs only in this place and in Joel 1:20, where it is applied to the beasts of the field as “crying” to God in a time of drought. Vain are all pretences to religion where the outward means of grace have no attraction. Yes, this Mount Mizar is listed by all the scholars as "unknown," "unidentifiable," etc. https: "This book includes Psalms 42-72, a total of 31, only eighteen of which are attributed to David. (b) By these comparisons of the thirst and panting, he shows his fervent desire to serve God in his temple. Nor is there any one Psalm where the author is named. "As the hart panteth after the water brooks" (Psalms 42:1). Hebrew. O to have the most intense craving after the highest good! 1685. Nothing could more beautifully or appropriately describe the earnest longing of a soul after God, in the circumstances of the psalmist, than this image. Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. The last clause here denies that he was then living in Palestine. 1 For the leader. But this is not usual in this book, to name the author of a Psalm so obscurely and indefinitely; for the sons of Korah were a numerous company. The futures, as expressing the object of the remembrance, state what was a habit in the time past. The physical frame requires to be sustained by proper sustenance; deprived of meat and drink it must fail and perish. But positively, what is true of him? The second of thirteen so named. Salt meats, but healthful to the soul. He must take his place in the running, and earn by his energy and skill the means of life. App-4. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. 2. https: The writer, perhaps one of this Levitical family of singers accompanying David in exile, mourns his absence from the sanctuary, a cause of grief aggravated by the taunts of enemies, and is comforted in hopes of relief. Like the parched traveller in the wilderness, whose skin bottle is empty, and who finds the wells dry, he must drink or die - he must have his God or faint. Probably he falls in with the literature of materialism—often interesting and able, sometimes even brilliant—which is offered on the bookstalls by the missionaries of unbelief for a few pence; he buys and reads and reads again. Alas, how many appear before the minister, or their fellow men, and think that enough! The “hart” repeatedly stands connected with “roebuck” in the Pentateuch, (Deuteronomy 12:15; Deuteronomy 12:22,) as belonging to the same family, and of the class of clean animals. As the hart panteth— “Hart,” though here construed with a feminine verb, (which would require it to be rendered hind,) should be taken as a common gender. III. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". My Help and My Deliverer To the choirmaster. The first two verses encourage us to remember what God has done for Israel and for us — looking favorably on the land, restoring fortunes, and centering, … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 85:1-2, 8-13" Maschil = Instruction. But as little, on the other hand, must we substitute: after thy temple, for: after thee. Maschil, for the sons of Korah] Korah and his compilers were swallowed up quick by the earth in the wilderness for their gainsaying, Numbers 16:1-50, but some of his sons, disliking his practice, escaped, and of them came Heman (the nephew of Samuel), a chief singer, 1 Chronicles 6:23. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". A dead God is a mere mockery; we loathe such a monstrous deity; but the ever-living God, the perennial fountain of life and light and love, is our soul's desire. https: What a striking figure has David made use of in these words. John Trapp Complete Commentary. "[5] We do not believe that the verse says that; and, as Baigent admitted, "The Psalmist could have been one of the Jewish exiles in Babylonia. 1. The latter passage manifestly depends on this; the peculiar expression: they long after thee, naturally suggests the thought, that there is here an allusion to an older passage; excepting in these two places ערג does not occur again, and the תערג אליךָ literally agree. BibliographyClarke, Adam. This creature is naturally hot and dry, about autumn especially (as Aristotle testifieth), but when hunted extremely thirsty. And when his newfound creed of materialism begins to react, as every creed must react, on his character, I do not say that because he has given up, or thinks he has given up, Christianity he will therefore become selfish and sensual, because I feel very sure that the instincts of self-respect will shape character in the face of an unfavourable creed, and in many cases it is certainly true that the truth of religion is often first realised through unbelief. So panteth my soul after thee, O God] He saith not, after my former dignity and greatness, before Absalom disturbed me, and drove me out (though he could not but be sensible of such a loss; we know what miserable moans Cicero made when sent into banishment; how impatient Cato and many others were in like case, so that they became their own deathsmen), but after thee, Lord, and the enjoyment of thy public ordinances; from which I am now, alas, hunted and hindered. It is an evidence of a clear conscience, of an upright heart, and of a lively faith in God and in his providence and promise. It appears to us that neither David, nor any other Jew would thus have designated the Israel of God in a prayer. 4th., 1611. There is no desire of the soul more intense than that which the pious heart has for God; there is no want more deeply felt than that which is experienced when one who loves God is cut off by any cause from communion with him. There is no thirst like that of the soul for the knowledge of God. We sympathize with them; we pity them; we love them; we feel deeply for them when they are pursued, when they fly away in fear, when they are in want. BibliographyTrapp, John. The panting of the thirsty stag for the water brook is indeed a very eloquent description of mental and moral aspiration. Maybe they all have such excellent noses that, like Spurgeon, they can smell it! The reality of the spiritual world, the claims and hopes of his nobler self seem to drop into the background, seem to grow distant, doubtful, dim to see. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. BibliographyBeza, Theodore.
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