Jejeebhoy was born in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1783, the son of Merwanjee Mackjee Jejeebhoy and Jeevibai Cowasjee Jejeebhoy. Byramjee Jeejeebhoy. The following is a brief account of his various voyages to China, and elsewhere. Born of humble origins, he went from collecting and selling empty bottles to building a business empire through the nineteenth-century China Trade. Type : Stamp, Postal Used. Jejeebhoy and his family would often sign letters and checks using the name "Battliwala", and were known by that name in business and society, but he did not choose this assumed surname when it came to the baronetcy. In 1818, he formed the business, trading and shipping firm "Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy & Co." with two other associates Motichund Amichund and Mahomed Ali Rogay as Jejeebhoy's business associates. One of the greatest sons of India, and certainly the greatest son of Bombay, Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy was born 237 years ago, on 15th July, 1783, in Mumbai. Jamsetjee donated Rs. Further riches came to him from the cotton trade during the Napoleonic Wars. [12] Some of Jejeebhoy's notable charitable works include: Jejeebhoy's services were first recognised by the British Empire in 1842 by the bestowal of a knighthood and in 1857 by the award of a baronetcy. Unwilling to do the dirty work themselves they relied on an Indian man, Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. But some remarks from his speech on this occasion are most significant: Of none of the great evils which afflict our race do we form such inadequate conceptions as of the evils of war. The tray is decorated with the elaborate family crest representing the family of Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet (1783-1859). [16] These were the very first distinctions of their kind conferred by Queen Victoria upon a British subject in India. Jejeebhoy was born in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1783, of poor parents who died shortly afterwards, leaving him an orphan. [6] By the time of his death in 1859, he was estimated to have donated over £230,000 to charity. The Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy family collection “My name is Droid; one may burn a dordi (coir-rope), but the twist can never be taken out of it.” — Dadabhai Naoroji to Prince Malhar-rao Family: Jamsetjee and Avabai had ten children altogether, of whom only four of the youngest survived. This article was first posted on 15th May 2014. Parsi and Christian, Hindu and Muslim, were alike the objects of his beneficence. Politicking, Bombay family-style Bombay business families had a fraught relationship with nationalism. Colour : Single colour. This book details the life and public career of one of India's legendary individuals-Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, the first Indian knight and baronet. Born on Jul 15, 1783 at Bombay, India Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy was associated with founding of the city’s first medical college, the Grant Medical College, named after Sir Robert Grant, the Governor of Bombay who took a keen interest in its establishment but died suddenly in 1838. At the age of sixteen, having had little formal education, he made his first visit to Calcutta (now Kolkata) and then began his first voyage (1800-1801) to China to trade in cotton and opium. When she returned to Bombay, she joined 'The Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy (J.J.) School of Art' and obtained her diploma in architecture in 1936. An essentially self-made man, having experienced the miseries of poverty in early life, Jejeebhoy developed great sympathy for his poorer countrymen. Jamsetji’s family came from a long line of Parsi priests and they lived in Mota Falia’s Dastur Vad, an area where families of the Parsi clergy generally stayed. The Mistri family was in the construction business for 4 generations before Perin. On Jejeebhoy's fourth voyage to China, the Indiaman in which he sailed was forced to surrender to the French, by whom he was carried as a prisoner to the Cape of Good Hope, then a neutral Dutch possession. The Industrial History of Hong Kong Group. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 7th Bt. Technical notes: To create the family tree, I created two CSV files. Lord Elphinstone, then Governor of Bombay, said of him, "By strict integrity, by industry and punctuality in all his commercial transactions, he contributed to raise the character of the Bombay merchant in the most distant markets. The ornate crest has an engraved acanthus designed border that is further embellished with a knight’s head, bumblebees and sun over the mountain with palm trees … By this time Jejeebhoy had established his reputation as an enterprising merchant possessed of considerable wealth. [6], On Jejeebhoy's death in 1859, his Baronetcy was inherited by his eldest son Cursetjee Jejeebhoy, who, by a special Act of the Viceroy's Council in pursuance of a provision in the letters-patent, took the name of Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy as second baronet.[6]. , was a Parsi India merchant and philanthropist. Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy (1783-1859) as an example, he argues that Indian notables "utilized the very mechanisms of British authority to satisfy Indian requirements" (p. 86). [2][3][4] He was considered Bombay's most worthy son. Jejeebhoy was born in Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1783, of poor parents who died shortly afterwards, leaving him an orphan. was born on 19 April 1913. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet ,1783-1859, a Parsi-Indian merchant and ... (1829-93) (1821-66) MB 1866-84 MB 1857-66 Rustomjee Ardaseer (1828-93) Figure 2. [10] He was seen as the chief representative of the Indian community in Bombay by the British Imperial authorities.[11]. The Jejeebhoy Baronetcy (sometimes spelled Jeejeebhoy), of Bombay, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.It was created 6 August 1857 for Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, a prominent Parsee merchant and philanthropist who was the first Parsi and first Indian to be knighted (1842) and the first to be made a baronet (1857). Born into a clerical Parsi family, Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy flouted the religious taboo on tobacco and alcohol to amass a fortune from the Opium trade with China. Denomination : 15 naye paise. At the age of sixteen, having had little formal education, he made his first visit to Calcutta (now Kolkata) and then began his first voyage (1800-1801) to China to trade in cotton and opium. Jeejeebhoy long continued as one of the close associates who served as underwriters to Jardine, Matheson and Company. Like countless drug dealers that came later, Jejeebhoy came from a poor family but desired riches. 3 The Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum, formerly The Victoria and Albert Museum, at Byculla in Bombay which was designed by a famous London architect was built with the patronage of many wealthy Indian businessmen and philanthropists like Jagannath, David Sassoon and Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy.. In 1842 Jejeebhoy was to become the first Indian to receive a knighthood from Queen Victoria. With more than a little help from the British East India Company, Jejeebhoy quickly transformed himself into a Victorian-era Pablo Escobar. Please check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. 52 Stink Boats – used in the removal of nightsoil from Hong Kong island in the 1960s and 70s, 51 D. & M. Rustomjee, trading firm in Canton and Hong Kong, 48 T.O.Morgan, Director of Water Supplies – imagined Plover Cove Reservoir while swimming in the area. After much delay and great difficulty, Jejeebhoy made his way to Calcutta in a Danish ship. undertook another voyage to China which was more successful than any of his previous journeys. [6] Undaunted, Jejeebhoy undertook another voyage to China which was more successful than any of his previous journeys. Hospitals, schools, homes of charity and pension funds throughout India (particularly in Bombay, Navsari, Surat, and Poona) were created or endowed by Jejeebhoy, and he financed the construction of many public works such as wells, reservoirs, bridges, and causeways. Jamsetjee, the youngest son of cloth weaver Jeejeebhoy and his wife, Jeevibai, was born in the `Yatha Ahu Vairyo Mohalla’ near the Crawford Market in Bombay on July 15, 1783. 1 He was the son of Rustamjee Jejeebhoy and Soonabai Rustamjee Byramjee Jeejeebhoy. His father was a textile merchant from Surat, Gujarat, who migrated to Bombay in the 1770s. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:33. [2] The first Indian to be knighted, in 1842, he was known for his immense wealth and charitable works. Sir Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy – Bombay’s most worthy son,, Celestial – first ship launched in Hong Kong 1843, Wong Kwong – appointed chief draughtsman at W.S.Bailey & Company shipyard 1901, Shatin Army Camp – link to Shatin Airfield, China International Motors (鎧興汽車) – Distributor of Bedford, Vauxhall and Buick automobiles. Surgeon to the Governor, Dr. 1 5,000/- for this cause. I do wish something new had been said about Jejeebhoy. "Walla" meant "vendor", and Jejeebhoy's business interests included the manufacture and sale of bottles on the basis of his uncle's business. His second voyage (1801-1802) to China was made in a ship of the East India Company’s fleet. These mini dams built by Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, the Parsi businessman and philanthropist, served as a source of irrigation water for the under-privileged. In 1819 William Jardine became the agent for a Parsi Bombay merchant, Framjee Cowasjee, before forming a business alliance with Jamsetjee Jeejee a wealthy Parsi merchant. . Jejeebhoy and his Chinese secretary Portrait by George Chinnery. 1 He held the office of Justice of the Peace (J.P.) [Bombay] 1 He lived at Bombay, India. On Jejeebhoy’s fourth voyage (1805)  to China, the Indiaman,  in which he sailed was forced to surrender to the French, by whom he was carried as a prisoner to the Cape of Good Hope, then a neutral Dutch possession. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet Net Worth, Age, Height, Weight, Body Measurements, Dating, Marriage, Relationship Stats, Family, Career, Wiki. These were three boys, Cursetjee, Rustomji and Sohrabji and one girl, Pherozebai, all of whom, following in their parents footsteps, went on to also make their own mark in society. Funds for the project, which cost Rs 1.6 lakh (the equivalent of £17,000 at the time) had been donated by Lady Avabai Jejeebhoy, wife of the merchant Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. Hospitals, schools, colleges, dharamshalas, and whatnot: the Jeejeebhoy name is ubiquitous in Bombay. Issued on Apr 15, 1959. By 1836, Jejeebhoy’s firm was large enough to employ his three sons and other relatives, and he had amassed what at that period of Indian mercantile history was regarded as fabulous wealth. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 5th Baronet, KCSI, (1878-06 February1931) was an Indian businessmen. To alleviate this suffering, Jamsetjee with others founded Panjrapole on 18 October 1834. 2 He married Shirin Cama, daughter of Jehengir Hormusjee Cama, on 3 October 1943. Their works included the Royal Mint, which was dismantled and replaced by the New India Assurance Building. Raised in Navsari, he moved back to Bombay upon the death of his parents in 1799, and was apprenticed to a maternal uncle. Once they returned, the brothers adopted the name of their Chinese teacher, Chhoi, who had taught them the art of silk weaving. The hearse was of a plain and unassum ing description, . There is some confusion about exactly what happened on his fourth voyage, Accounts differ as to whether he was put ashore in Cape Town as a prisoner or was shipwrecked nearby whilst passing. In 1803 Jeejeebhoy was shipwrecked off Cape Town with the surgeon of the Brunswick, William Jardine, thus starting  a lifelong friendship founded on mutual business canniness and largess. [6] His philanthropic endeavours began in earnest in 1822, when he personally remitted the debts of all the poor in Bombay's civil jail. Under the command of Sir Nathaniel Dance, this ship drove off a French squadron under Rear-Admiral Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand Linois[6] in the Battle of Pulo Aura. Philanthropy. Between 1822 and 1838, cattle from the congested fort area used to graze freely at the Camp Maidan (now called. to the Gcrrernor, Sir Frank Souter, Commissioner d£ Police, "Mr. F. Mathew, Sir Jamsetjee Jejeeblioy, and'Mr. "[8], In 1814, his co-operation with the British East India company had yielded him sufficient profits to purchase his first ship, the Good Success, and he gradually added another six ships to this, usually carrying primarily opium and a little cotton to China. This extract it taken from Turbans & Traders: Hong Kong’s Indian Communities  by Barbara-Sue White. Amidst calls for dissolution of the (then) 110-year-old institution for nepotism and fiscal mismanagement (it would eventually be reestablished as administrator of community property), the community gradually came to depend on prominent individuals not connected to the panchayat and its improprieties. He spent Rs. A tribute to their connection exists even today in a portrait of Jeejeebhoy which hangs in Jardine’s Hong Kong office. By the age of 40, he had made over two crore rupees, a staggering sum in those days. Jeejeebhoy’s straightforward dealings and Parsi integrity initiated good credit and helped him to develop far-flung trade connections from China to Sumatra and on to Great Britain. He made a huge fortune in cotton and the opium trade with China. Yes, please send me occasional summaries of new content. Subscribe below to receive a Newsletter every two months and occasional updates about Group and website news. The first ocean-going ship ever constructed in Hong Kong was the Celestial, a schooner, built for Jeejeebhoy. He would not allow any form of cruelty towards animals. Waters, Captain Shaik Cassum, Native A.D.C. [5] Both of Jeejeebhoy's parents died in 1799, leaving the 16-year-old under the tutelage of his maternal uncle, Framjee Nasserwanjee Battliwala. Your email address will not be published. This was his most successful and he extended his commercial contacts in the East and added Egypt and England in the west. His third voyage (1803-1804) was “successful and uneventful, and a consolidation of his network of contacts, adding Siam, Singapore and Sumatra.”. A tribute to their connection exists even today in a portrait of Jeejeebhoy which hangs in Jardine's Hong Kong office. Jeejeebhoy, born in 1783, sailed for China and its limitless opportunities as a sixteen-year-old orphan. The East India Company introduced a rule "for the annual destruction of dogs in Bombay island, and a considerable number were from time to time destroyed, in spite of frequent petitions from the public". Media in category "Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet" The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher, 8th Baronet Sir Henry Egerton Aubrey-Fletcher, 8th Baronet (born 27 November 1945) is the current Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire. Scroll below and check our most recent updates about about Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet's Biography, Salary, Estimated Net worth, Expenses, Income Reports & Financial Breakdown 2020! [6] Around this time, he changed his name from "Jamshed" to "Jamsetjee" to sound similar to names of the Gujarati community. 1 He died in 1925. Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 1st Baronet Jejeebhoy of Bombay, CMG (15 July 1783 – 14 April 1859[1]), also spelt Jeejeebhoy or Jeejebhoy, was a Parsi-Indian merchant and philanthropist. Baronet,1st,Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy,statue, Tamil Nadu481.jpg 3,264 × 2,448; 4.26 MB Jejeebhoy's second voyage to China was made in a ship of the East India Company's fleet. “Walla” meant “trader”, and Jejeebhoy’s business interests included the manufacture and sale of bottles. This name is associated with Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy (1783–1859), famous philanthropist and opium merchant who made his fortune by trading with China in the first half of the nineteenth century. [6] In his later life he was occupied with alleviating human distress in all its forms. War is exhibited to us in the dazzling dress of poetry, fiction, and history, where its horrors are carefully concealed beneath its gaudy trappings; or we see, perhaps, its plumes and epaulettes, and harlequin finery, we hear of the magnificence of the apparatus, the bravery of the troops, the glory of the victors, but the story of the wholesale miseries and wretchedness and wrongs which follow in its train is untold … What nation is not groaning under war-debts, the greatest of national burdens! Name : Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. This mass dog killing led to a serious riot. Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy raised his public profile by promoting both his social status in Bombay society and his personal involvement in decision making along-side the British (p. 87). William JardinePortrait by George Chinnery 1820s. He was born to Merwanjee Mackjee Jejeebhoy and Jeevibai Cowasjee Jejeebhoy. Jejeebhoy was known by the nickname "Mr. Bottlewalla". The connection with Jeejeebhoy was instrumental as Jardine and Matheson built up their great firm, continuing the profitable and amiable association with the Parsi entrepreneur. Jejeebhoy's charitable gambit aimed to expand the capacities of leading Indians to operate in colonial society and promote Indian welfare. [17], "Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy: China, William Jardine, the Celestial, and other HK connections", Sir JJ College Of Architecture, Bombay– Home, "The opium trader who became one of India's richest men", "SIR JAMSETJEE JEJEEBHOY – LESSER KNOWN FACTS", Homi Dhalla, "Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, Lesser Known Facts about his Multidimensional Personality",,, Baronets in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom, 19th-century Indian educational theorists, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Jejeebhoy donated to at least 126 notable public charities, including the, He paid two-thirds of the entire cost of the Poona (now, Construction of Charni Road and relief to cattle. and Ruttonbai Cursetjee Surti, in 1899. He bought his own fleet of ships. This was especially true for Jejeebhoy, thanks to his wealth and charitable works and the recognition afforded him by the British authorities due to his baronetcy. [6], By this time Jejeebhoy had established his reputation as an enterprising merchant possessed of considerable wealth. Jamsetji and his four younger sisters — Ratanbai, Maneckbai, Virbai and Jerbai — grew up in this strongly religious environment, wholeheartedly embracing the tenets and practices of the Zoroastrian faith. He bought his first ship the Good Success, in 1814, then soon formed a large, rapid fleet which often harboured in Hong Kong. His non-violent attitude extended also to the animal kingdom. He settled in Mumbai, where he directed his commercial operations on an extended scale. Jejeebhoy began his business career by collecting and selling empty bottles in Bombay.
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