[3]. Acacia auriculiformis plantations are widely planted in Vietnam. Endemic to Australia, it is widely distributed in the semi-arid Triodia country eastwards from Karratha, Western Australia into the Northern Territory. Acacia auriculiformis is hermaphroditic and pollinated by a wide range of insects which forage mainly on pollen. Honey locust is highly adaptable to different environments, has been introduced worldwide, and is an aggressive invasive species. Quickly reaching a height of 40 feet and a spread of 25 feet, earleaf acacia becomes a loose, rounded, evergreen, open shade tree. Stem : Aerial, erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, bark grey-brown, smooth at first, becoming fissured. The generic name acacia comes from the Greek word ‘akis’ meaning a point or a barb and the specific epithet comes from the Latin ‘auricula’- external ear of animals and ‘forma- form, figure or shape, in allusion to the shape of the pod. It should only be used as an additive to the feed and not the main source, since it also toxic in high doses. Phyllodes linear to very narrowly elliptic, falcate, (8–) 10–20 (–22.5) cm long, (10–) 12–30 (–52) mm wide, with 3 subprominent longitudinal nerves mostly remaining separate from one another (and the margin) until near base; minor nerves (2–) 3–6 per mm, sparingly anastomosing; gland 1, basal, to 3 mm above pulvinus. A beetle (Sinoxylon spp.) It is native to Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. The Nyangumarta peoples know the plant as Langkur or Lungkun and the Thalanyji know it as Jabandi. Acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen tree that grows between to 15–30 m tall, with a trunk up to 12 m long and 50 cm in diameter. 2d face me tree, optimize for massive planting, small file size. In high rainfall areas the species becomes invasive dispersed by birds. 1997, University of Florida IFAS Extension Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, http://wiki.bugwood.org/index.php?title=Acacia_auriculiformis&oldid=49762, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia. Remember to consider in your follow-up measures, that hand pulling causes soil disturbance which can lead to further invasion by invasive plants. Also used for furniture, joinery, tool handles, and for construction if trees of suitable girth are available. [2] Acacia auriculiformis has about 47 000 seeds/kg. The yellow flowers appear from March to July. It is known for its large proportions, its expansive, often spherical crown, and its curiously shaped seedpods. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Faidherbia is a genus of leguminous plants containing one species, Faidherbia albida, which was formerly widely included in the genus Acacia as Acacia albida. Height: 35 - 50 feet. It also has associations with both ecto- and endo-mycorrhizal fungi. It has dense foliage with an open, spreading crown. [2] In Thailand the small fresh leaves are eaten, often with nam prik chili sauce or papaya salad. Introduced from Australia by the forest department as a fast-growing species primarily in monoculture energy plantations. The youn… 2003, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. Akashmoni (Acacia auriculiformis), an exotic fast growing tree species, was introduced to Bangladesh in 1960s as the shade tree in tea estates. There are normally only shallow roots to worry about. It is noted for attracting wildlife. USEFUL PART(s): Bark, wood GENERAL USES: The wood can be use for making paper pulp, furniture, toys and tools. in Flora of China @ efloras.org" eFlora. New technology allows the use of the wood for making panels and furniture. Initially, it comprised a group of plant species native to Africa and Australia, with the first species A. nilotica described by Linnaeus. Seeds of Acacia auriculiformis are dispersed by several bird species and each tree can produce as many as 47,000 seeds each year. Common names include elequeme, gallito, machete, pernila de casa, pito and poró de cerca. Fuel: A major source of firewood, its dense wood and high energy (calorific value of 4500-4900 kcal/kg) contribute to its popularity. 1. In Indonesia, growth rate has been impaired by a rust fungus, Uromyces digitatus; in India, root rot caused by a fungus (Ganoderma lucidum) has been reported. Pods are about 6.5 x 1.5 cm, flat, cartilaginous, glaucous, transversely veined with undulate margins. Flowers are 8 cm long and in pairs, creamy yellow and sweet scented. The silhouette of a giraffe eating the leaves of an umbrella-shaped acacia is a classic image. It is not very drought-tolerant and the above-ground parts are short-lived but the roots regularly resprout. Erythrina berteroana is a species of small deciduous tree in the family Fabaceae. Ornamental: It is used for shade and ornamental purposes in cities where its hardiness, dense foliage and bright yellow flowers are positive attributes. Shade or shelter: The dense, dark-green foliage, which remains throughout the dry season, makes it an excellent shade tree. Tree form was also assessed at 18 months old. Acacia auriculiformis is a fast-growing, crooked, gnarly tree in the family Fabaceae. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa. Gum from the tree is sold commercially, but it is said not to be as useful as gum arabic. ex Benth. ... 1 "Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Spikes panicled at the tips of branches, c. 3.5-7 cm long. Wood can serve as fuel for fire Parrotta. The insect is of concern, because the tree will develop multiple leaders if the main stem is damaged and the length of the bole will be reduced. The participatory plantations were … Increased tree growth has been found with kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), upland rice and groundnut in Thailand; reduced growth with maize in Cameroon. #acacia #australia_tree #evergreen_tree #landscape #tropical_tree Acacia auriculiformis is an evergreen tree that grows between to 15-30 m tall, with a trunk up to 12 m long and 50 cm in diameter. Fodder: Not widely used as fodder, but in India 1-year-old plantations are browsed by cattle. Description Acacia auriculiformis | ‘Ear-pod Wattle’, ‘Northern Black Wattle’, ‘Papuan Wattle’, ‘Tan Wattle’ | Seeds Acacia auriculiformis is a covetable perennial tree species from the Fabaceae family which is most commonly known in English as the ‘Northern Black Wattle’ or ‘Ear-pod Wattle’. Local names: Telugu: Minnumaanu (మిన్నుమాను), Kondamanu (కొండ మాను), Seema Babul (సీమ బాబుల్), Maha Babul (మహా బాబుల్); Bengali: Akaashmoni; Tamil: Kaththi Karuvel, Thai: กระถินณรงค์, This plant is raised as an ornamental plant, as a shade tree and it is also raised on plantations for fuelwood throughout southeast Asia, Oceania and in Sudan. The trunk is crooked and the bark vertically fissured. and a marginal gland near the base; surfaces dark green. Common names include apple-ring acacia, and winter thorn. United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division. In 1983, the trial plantations of the Acacia were established and people found that the A. auriculiformis and A. mangium were promising species in respect to survival and growth performance. In India, its wood and charcoal are widely used for fuel. J.A. [8]. A. auriculiformis is a tree from the legume family that has been introduced into tropical and subtropical areas as an ornamental, for reforestation, soil improvement and for its wood and pulp (PROTA, 2016). Indigenous people used the wood as fuel and to make hunting spears. Plants are cross-pollinated by several species of honeyeater and thornbill, which visit nectaries on the phyllodes and brush against flowers, transferring pollen between them. Leaves 10–16 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide with 3-8 parallel nerves, thick, leathery and curved. Nitrogen fixing: Acacia auriculiformis can fix nitrogen after nodulating with a range of Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium strains. belonging to family Fabaceae, is a straight, medium-sized, deciduous or evergreen tree, potentially accomplishing 30 m tallness, and is normally found in the roadsides and parks of India. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small leguminous tree or large shrub in the family Fabaceae. Acacia cultriformis, known as the knife-leaf wattle, dogtooth wattle, half-moon wattle or golden-glow wattle, is a perennial tree or shrub of the genus Acacia native to Australia. Erosion control: Its spreading, superficial and densely matted root system makes A. auriculiformis suitable for stabilizing eroded land. It is often planted for its abundance of small, beautiful, bright yellow flowers and fast growth. General Information. Timber: The sapwood is yellow; the heartwood light brown to dark red, straight grained and reasonably durable. Common name (s): earleaf acacia. 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